Zadar – The port city
Information collected for you, from Villa Punta – apartments in Zadar Croatia
The port city of Zadar is the fifth largest city in Croatia, located on the Adriatic coast, it is one of the oldest cities in the country. Zadar is located in northern Dalmatia, on a coastline rich of bays and little islands, surrounded by more than 100 uninhabited islands and about 16-17 inhabited major islands. Already in the VI. & VII. Century Zadar became the port of departure for numerous trade missions. And with its many experienced sailors, as well as a safe anchorage for incoming ships it was one of the most important habours in croatia.
Zadar has a diverse tourist offer, as well as a strong, well-developed nautical tourism, which can be seen again and again on the basis of numerous ships, sailboats and boats.
Archeology in Zadar
Both of the younger as well as from the Old Stone Age, archaeological findings can be seen here. For example the Archeological Museum Zadar, Gold and Silver Museum, Zadar city museum, and so on….
Zadar and the Romans
In the Middle of the II.Century. the Romans conquered the area of Zadar. 48 BC under Julius Caesar, probably the first Roman colony in Zadar was founded. Die principles of Roman-scale cities are still clearly visible today. 5-longitudinal-u. several cross streets formed a regular network of streets, the city was divided into rectangular neighborhood after strict geometrical order. At the western end of the „Pola Otok“ – peninsula, the main square „Forum“ was created. In addition, a temple with an increased Capitol. Where today you will find the Rotonda of St.. Donatus, the „Donat“ (IX.cent.) and today’s „Donatella“ is. Right next to the bell tower (XV XIX.cent.) of the Cathedral of Zadar (XII-XIII cent.) you´ll see. The bells ring every 30 minutes during the day, a climb to the tower is possible for a small entrance fee, which, however well worth it because the view of the entire city from the top is unique. To the left of the Donat is the complex of the Archbishop Palace (XI.-XIX.cent.)
The farmer´s market
In facing the port quarter, the market place has been created here is still the daily farmers‘ market and fish market. With the colorful market stalls and the peasant women presenting out loud there products, to sell them, definitely worth a visit. Fresh seasonal fruit and vegetables are offered to customers. Both something for the eyes and for the stomach! Highly Recommended! Adjacent to the square is the fish market hall with its daily fresh fish market. Here the fishermen are waiting for customers to sell their fresh catch. The fish market opens very early and the best time to come, and to have the best selection of fresh fish is 07:00-08:00 a.m. at the latest.
Zadar was surrounded by a strong wall, with several bastions, a monumental gate in the form of the triumphal arch with three openings. Some parts of the city wall still stand today, the gate is not all in all remained, but still very nice to look at. It is located in the little harbor, named Fosa, a very idyllic spot and ideal for a circular walk around the peninsula of Zadar.
Also you can find a very exclusive fish restaurant, called Fosa on this place in the little harbor.
Period of migration
In the period of migration the many invading peoples bring urban life and the social structure to an almost complete standstill. The impoverished city, and as in the 5th century the Ostrogoths took over the reign the city of Zadar was already a poor city. Many public buildings are dilapidated and as in VI.cent. the city was also hit by an earthquake, entire building complexes are reduced to rubble and ashes. The rebuilding of the city, progress was very slow, there were fragments of old buildings again installed in new buildings and so the city could maintain it´s antique features and the old Mediterranean style. This Roman column, for example, was built of two remaining pillars of the Roman temple in the forum space and situated near the Simeon church at the end of the main longitudinal street.
Christianity in Zadar
The Christianity spread between the IV & VI.cent. in Zadar. With Christianity, the Bishop also comes to Zadar and moved into the forum space, the Bishop’s Palace. As the Ostrogoths around 537 swan off from Zadar, Zadar came under Byzantine sovereignty at this time also came a new race to Zadar – the Slavs. Start of VII.cent. all cities were along the Adriatic coast looted and vandalized. But due to the convenient location, the city of Zadar could prepare itself well for the fights and resisted to most of the attacs. This made Zadar to the center of the Byzantine Empire. Zadar dominated by its location all sea routes in this area and controlled the shipping and maritime trade, this made Zadar to the new metropolis of Dalmatia, comparable to Venice at that time.
The Croats come to Zadar
To the IX.cent. around the time of Bishop Donatus, in the inner land around Zadar already a Croatian state was born. In X.cent. were already settled many Croatian citizens from all social classes and various professional fields in Zadar. The expansion of Zadar from the ruins of the Roman Forum and the individual parts of the building that were still somewhat in status began in IX.cent. Now the Church of St. Donatus arised, which is the symbol of Zadar even today.
Zadar under the rule of Venice
In the year 1000 the city of Zadar was then already again and again under the rule of Venice and this was all the 350 years that way. In this period there was also repeatedly Venetian Sea attacks and popular uprisings against Venice. In 1202, it happened again: serious destruction and looting in the city. The Crusaders came, under their leader Doge Enrico Dandolo they were exercised hardly crimes. Again, Zadar was devastated. 1358 then, when the Zadar Monastery of St. Francis of peace was negotiated, Zadar came under the sovereignty of the Hungarian and Croatian King Ludwig 1st of Anjou. 1409 Zadar was sold with the other towns of Pag Vrana and Novigrad Ladislus of King of Naples to the Venetian Republic. This time, for almost four centuries. At that time, Zadar was the most significant city on the eastern Adriatic, it became the seat of the Venetian city of the holder and the administrative center of Venetian Dalmatia.
The golden age of Zadar
Through clever political action, the business acumen and strong survival spirit of the citizens of the city, called the period between the 11th & 14th century the golden age of the city. Here, numerous churches and palaces, and impressive buildings and luxurious villas of reputable families originated. The two Benedictine Monastery of St. Chrysogonos and St. Maria, were closely connected through your action skill and political knowledge, with the Croatian rulers and then the Croatian-Hungarian rulers with Zadar.
The Ottomans in Zadar
Between the 16th & 17th century the Ottomans threatened the city of Zadar. from the inside land. The city was devastated and fought outside the city walls, so that the citizens of Zadar, took cover behind the city walls. Now the city is beginning to change, as new bulwarks must be built in order to strengthen the protection of the citizens and the city walls. Churches and buildings were demolished around this bulwarks with pentagonal towers, city cisterns and trenches to build with seawater. Zadar suffered destruction and was conquered for many years. But inside the walls new palaces and luxurious houses with gardens and ornate decorations, magnificent courtyards and lots of literary and scientifical works arised.
In the 16th & 17th century Zadar was then struck by several epidemics of plague. After 150 years then, so roughly about 1699, the last Ottoman Empire from the north of Dalmatia were expelled and the citizens of the city were finally able to pursue their life in peace and quiet, but they were now living in poverty. There followed in 1797 the rule of Zadar by the Habsburgs, but the power of Austria was not long, then Zadar fell to Napoleon and the French dominion over Zadar took 7 years from 1806 to 1813. In December 1813 it is the second Austrian rule over Zadar and this time for more than 100 years long. During this time, the cityscape keeps improving. A high school was introduced, the first public city park of Dalmatia was created, the first road over the Velebit mountains to Zagreb and Vienna was created. Also, the first public water supply and the development of the Croatian language, communication with other Croatian countries took its course.
The port of zadar
In 1868 Zadar was changed by a decision of the stadtholder, it was a great port space gained by parts of the city wall and your bastions were demolished. Modern berths for large passenger ships and a long beach promenade were built, and led to other buildings of modern residential and public buildings along the city’s promenade. Zadar became known for its luxury cafes and well equipped stalls, good hotels and broadly drawn public places.